The Atlanta Center for Medical Research is currently seeking adult volunteers to participate in a clinical study of diabetes.
National Institute of Health defines diabetes as a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Insulin is a chemical made by the pancreas, which is released into the blood. Insulin helps the glucose from food get into your cells. If the insulin doesn’t work the way it should, glucose can’t get into your cells and instead remains in your blood. Your blood always has some glucose in it because it carries the glucose to the cells in your body for energy. However, too much glucose can damages nerves and blood vessels, or lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve problems, gum infections, and amputation.
Some common symptoms of diabetes include:
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry — even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss — even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
According to the National Institute of Health, diabetes affects about 29.1 million people and is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Ongoing research is needed to help determine the most effective symptom management and combat the associated complications.